Articles de Tobacco Control
Aujourd'hui, la cigarette électronique est sous les yeux de tous. Enormément de recherches scientifiques sont publiées chaque semaine sur ce sujet. Vous trouverez ci-dessous certains articles, libres d'accès, qui vous permetteront d'en savoir un peu plus sur l'état des recherches actuelles.
- « A wide range of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are now on the market. We studied e-cigarette awareness and use, determinants and sources of e-cigarettes, the e-liquids used in them and exposure to e-cigarette advertisements among adolescents in Finland. Among smokers, we studied the association of e-cigarette use and interest in smoking cessation. »
Kinnunen JM, Ollila H, El-Amin Sel-T, Pere LA, Lindfors PL, Rimpelä AH. Awareness and determinants of electronic cigarette use among Finnish adolescents in 2013: a population-based study. Tob Control. 2015 Dec; 24(e4):e264-70. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051512. PubMed PMID: 24827977; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4717372.
- « This qualitative research explores the use of electronic cigarettes and other similar 'vapor' delivery devices among young adults in New York City. »
McDonald EA, Ling PM. One of several 'toys' for smoking: young adult experiences with electronic cigarettes in New York City. Tob Control. 2015 Nov; 24(6):588-93. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051743. PubMed PMID: 25564287; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4492884.
- “In April 2014, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) proposed a rule to extend its tobacco regulatory authority to e-cigarettes, which have been unregulated and growing in use since their 2006–2007 US introduction. The FDA will issue a final rule based on comments and data received from researchers, tobacco companies and the public. We aimed to present data about current smokers’ awareness of and attitudes towards potential e-cigarette regulation and various policies in the United States.”
Wackowski OA, Delnevo CD. Smokers' attitudes and support for e-cigarette policies and regulation in the USA. Tob Control. 2015 Nov; 24(6):543-6. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051953. PubMed PMID: 25564281; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4540684.
- « Passive exposure to combustible cigarette use has been shown to act as a cue to increase smoking urge. Given the resemblance of e-cigarettes and other electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) to combustible cigarettes, we examined whether these devices could also act as a cue to increase smoking desire and urges in those passively exposed. »
King AC, Smith LJ, McNamara PJ, Matthews AK, Fridberg DJ. Passive exposure to electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use increases desire for combustible and e-cigarettes in young adult smokers. Tob Control. 2015 Sep; 24(5):501-4. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051563. PubMed PMID: 24848637; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4992990.
- “The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in air transit, and to understand potential problems created by this practice for flight crew and patrons. Safety concerns around the long-term effects of e-cigarette use and passive inhalation in enclosed spaces are being studied, yet e-cigarettes are increasingly being used in smoke-free places. No studies have examined the issues of e-cigarette use in air transit.”
Stillman FA, Soong A, Zheng LY, Navas-Acien A. E-cigarette use in air transit: self-reported data from US flight attendants. Tob Control. 2015 Jul;24(4):417-8. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051514. PubMed PMID: 24950696; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4484500.
- Awareness and use of e-cigarettes have increased rapidly, and the products now represent a billion-dollar industry in the US. Public health concerns about e-cigarettes center on their potential appeal to the youth market, lack of scientific evidence regarding their impact on individual and population health, and inconsistent product standards, including variations in nicotine content within and across brands
Kornfield R, Huang J, Vera L, Emery SL. Rapidly increasing promotional expenditures for e-cigarettes. Tob Control. 2015 Mar;24(2):110-1. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051580. PubMed PMID: 24789603; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4214902.
- “We sought to systematically review the literature on electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS, also called electronic cigarettes) awareness, use, reactions and beliefs.”
Pepper JK, Brewer NT. Electronic nicotine delivery system (electronic cigarette) awareness, use, reactions and beliefs: a systematic review. Tob Control. 2014 Sep;23(5):375-84. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051122. Review. PubMed PMID: 24259045; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4520227.
- “To identify unmet research needs of state and community tobacco control practitioners pertaining to electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS or ecigarettes) that would inform policy and practice efforts at the state and community levels, and to describe ENDS-related research and dissemination activities of the National Cancer Institute-funded State and Community Tobacco Control Research Initiative”
Schmitt CL, Lee YO, Curry LE, Farrelly MC, Rogers T. Research support for effective state and community tobacco control programme response to electronic nicotine delivery systems. Tob Control. 2014 Jul;23 Suppl 3:iii54-7. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051460. PubMed PMID: 24935899; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4078674.
- « While much is known about the demand for conventional cigarettes, little is known about the determinants of demand for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS or e-cigarettes). The goal of this study is to estimate the own and cross-price elasticity of demand for e-cigarettes and to examine the impact of cigarette prices and smoke-free policies on e-cigarette sales. »
Huang J, Tauras J, Chaloupka FJ. The impact of price and tobacco control policies on the demand for electronic nicotine delivery systems. Tob Control. 2014 Jul;23 Suppl 3:iii41-7. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051515. PubMed PMID: 24935898; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4145658.
- “Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have been available for purchase in the USA since 2007, and have grown rapidly in popularity. Currently, there are no federal restrictions on e-cigarettes; therefore, any regulations are under the purview of state and/or local governments. This study examines state laws governing e-cigarettes through youth access restrictions, smoke-free air requirements and/or excise taxation.”
Gourdet CK, Chriqui JF, Chaloupka FJ. A baseline understanding of state laws governing e-cigarettes. Tob Control. 2014 Jul;23 Suppl 3:iii37-40. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051459. PubMed PMID: 24935897; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4078672.
- “Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-powered nicotine delivery devices that have become popular among smokers. We conducted an experiment to understand adult smokers’ responses to e-cigarette advertisements and investigate the impact of ads’ arguments and imagery.”
Pepper JK, Emery SL, Ribisl KM, Southwell BG, Brewer NT. Effects of advertisements on smokers' interest in trying e-cigarettes: the roles of product comparison and visual cues. Tob Control. 2014 Jul;23 Suppl 3:iii31-6. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051718. PubMed PMID: 24935896; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4078668.
- « E-cigarettes are largely unregulated and internet sales are substantial. This study examines how the online market for e-cigarettes has changed over time: in product design and in marketing messages appearing on websites. »
Zhu SH, Sun JY, Bonnevie E, Cummins SE, Gamst A, Yin L, Lee M. Four hundred and sixty brands of e-cigarettes and counting: implications for product regulation. Tob Control. 2014 Jul;23 Suppl 3:iii3-9. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051670. PubMed PMID: 24935895; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4078673.
- « Rapid increases in marketing of e-cigarettes coincide with growth in e-cigarette use in recent years; however, little is known about how e-cigarettes are marketed on social media platforms. »
Huang J, Kornfield R, Szczypka G, Emery SL. A cross-sectional examination of marketing of electronic cigarettes on Twitter. Tob Control. 2014 Jul;23 Suppl 3:iii26-30. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051551. PubMed PMID: 24935894; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4078681.
- “Awareness and use of electronic cigarettes has rapidly grown in the USA recently, in step with increased product marketing. Using responses to a population survey of US adults, we analysed demographic patterns of exposure to, searching for and sharing of e-cigarette-related information across media platforms.”
Emery SL, Vera L, Huang J, Szczypka G. Wanna know about vaping? Patterns of message exposure, seeking and sharing information about e-cigarettes across media platforms. Tob Control. 2014 Jul;23 Suppl 3:iii17-25. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051648. PubMed PMID: 24935893; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4078680.
- Since their introduction in 2007, electronic cigarette ('e-cigarette') awareness and use has grown rapidly. Little is known about variation in e-cigarette availability across areas with different levels of tobacco taxes and smoke-free air policies. This paper looks at US retail availability of e-cigarettes and factors at the store, neighbourhood and policy levels associated with it.
Rose SW, Barker DC, D'Angelo H, Khan T, Huang J, Chaloupka FJ, Ribisl KM. The availability of electronic cigarettes in U.S. retail outlets, 2012: results of two national studies. Tob Control. 2014 Jul;23 Suppl 3:iii10-6. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051461. PubMed PMID: 24935892; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4078712.
- Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS): new evidence from the State and Community Tobacco Control Research Initiative
Rogers T. Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS): new evidence from the State and Community Tobacco Control Research Initiative. Tob Control. 2014 Jul;23 Suppl 3:iii1-2. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051790. PubMed PMID: 24935891; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4078685.
- “Individuals with mental health conditions (MHC) have disproportionately high tobacco-related morbidity and mortality due to high smoking prevalence rates. As high consumers of cigarettes, smokers with MHC may consider using e-cigarettes as an alternative form of nicotine delivery.”
Cummins SE, Zhu SH, Tedeschi GJ, Gamst AC, Myers MG. Use of e-cigarettes by individuals with mental health conditions. Tob Control. 2014 Jul;23 Suppl 3:iii48-53. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051511. PubMed PMID: 24824516; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4145659.
- “To consider the research gaps related to the environmental impacts of electronic cigarettes due to their manufacture, use and disposal.”
Chang H. Research gaps related to the environmental impacts of electronic cigarettes. Tob Control. 2014 May;23 Suppl 2:ii54-8. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051480. Review. PubMed PMID: 24732165; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3995274.
- “A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the impact of human factors (HF) on the risks associated with electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and to identify research gaps. HF is the evaluation of human interactions with products and includes the analysis of user, environment and product complexity. Consideration of HF may mitigate known and potential hazards from the use and misuse of a consumer product, including e-cigarettes.”
Yang L, Rudy SF, Cheng JM, Durmowicz EL. Electronic cigarettes: incorporating human factors engineering into risk assessments. Tob Control. 2014 May;23 Suppl 2:ii47-53. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051479. Review. PubMed PMID: 24732164; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3995290.
- “To review the impact of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) on children.”
Durmowicz EL. The impact of electronic cigarettes on the paediatric population. Tob Control. 2014 May;23 Suppl 2:ii41-6. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051468. Review. PubMed PMID: 24732163; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3995262.
- “To review the available evidence regarding electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) product characterisation and design features in order to understand their potential impact on individual users and on public health.”
Brown CJ, Cheng JM. Electronic cigarettes: product characterisation and design considerations. Tob Control. 2014 May;23 Suppl 2:ii4-10. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051476. Review. PubMed PMID: 24732162; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3995271.
- “With the rapid increase in use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), such as electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), users and non-users are exposed to the aerosol and product constituents. This is a review of published data on the human health effects of exposure to e-cigarettes and their components.”
Callahan-Lyon P. Electronic cigarettes: human health effects. Tob Control. 2014 May;23 Suppl 2:ii36-40. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051470. Review. PubMed PMID: 24732161; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3995250.
- “To review the available literature evaluating electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) nicotine clinical pharmacology in order to understand the potential impact of e-cigarettes on individual users, nicotine dependence and public health.”
Schroeder MJ, Hoffman AC. Electronic cigarettes and nicotine clinical pharmacology. Tob Control. 2014 May;23 Suppl 2:ii30-5. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051469. Review. PubMed PMID: 24732160; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3995273.
- “To review the available evidence evaluating the abuse liability, topography, subjective effects, craving and withdrawal suppression associated with e-cigarette use in order to identify information gaps and provide recommendations for future research.”
Evans SE, Hoffman AC. Electronic cigarettes: abuse liability, topography and subjective effects. Tob Control. 2014 May;23 Suppl 2:ii23-9. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051489. Review. PubMed PMID: 24732159; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3995256.
- “To review the available evidence evaluating the toxicological profiles of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in order to understand the potential impact of e-cigarettes on individual users and the public health.”
Orr MS. Electronic cigarettes in the USA: a summary of available toxicology data and suggestions for the future. Tob Control. 2014 May;23 Suppl 2:ii18-22. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051474. PubMed PMID: 24732158; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3995288.
- “To review the available evidence evaluating the chemicals in refill solutions, cartridges, aerosols and environmental emissions of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes).”
Cheng T. Chemical evaluation of electronic cigarettes. Tob Control. 2014 May;23 Suppl 2:ii11-7. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051482. Review. PubMed PMID: 24732157; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3995255
- This supplement provides a summary of the current knowledge and research gaps pertaining to e-cigarettes with regards to product design, chemistry and toxicology of e-liquid and aerosol constituents, human factor-based risk factors, abuse liability, clinical pharmacology and human health effects, pediatric issues, and environmental issues.
Chen IL, Husten CG. Introduction to tobacco control supplement. Tob Control. 2014 May;23 Suppl 2:ii1-3. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051504. PubMed PMID: 24732156; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3995278.